Should governments be favouring startups over small business?
“We aren’t small businesses,” cries Tank Stream Ventures’ managing partner Rui Rodrigues in Business Spectator earlier this week.
Rodrigues' point was tech startups have a very different set of needs to the local small business. “Bob down at the corner shops has been there for 10 years, and he’ll be there for another [10 years], he might sell milk, or office chairs, or even fix your watch,” he writes.
Technology startups on the other hand “have ambitions to become big companies, global empires. They are high-growth technology businesses and they are working on goods and services that you might not yet know you need.”
(His sentiment was widely shared by others in the startup community too, as reiterated in this article in StartupSmart.)
Silicon Valley’s greater fool model
Rodrigues’ comments come from the Silicon Valley Greater Fool mindset, where the end game for investors is to flip the business to a bigger company or make out like bandits in a stock market listing. Under that model profitability doesn’t matter, “too early is considered a deterrent for investors looking at a business.”
Not making a profit is fine for a company promising unlimited future growth to the market or a flipper based on finding a greater fool, but for most startups, those lack of returns see all but a few spectacularly successful ones shrivel away as the company’s funds exhaust before the founders achieve their objective. For Bob the locksmith who doesn’t have a fall back option of returning to a management consulting job, he needs the income.
What’s more fallacious in Rodrigues’ piece is the idea today’s tech startups will be great employers themselves one day. Even the successful ones haven’t proved to be job generators in the way traditional business have been.
For the traditional small business sector the risks aren’t insubstantial either as the majority of proprietors will barely make a living while risking their assets, time and often health – something understated by the motivational writers urging people to quit their jobs and prove themselves.
A lack of capital
For both the startup community and the small business sector the real challenges lie in being undercapitalised. Most startups will fail because of insufficient capital while the majority of small businesses never quite reach their potential because they lack the funds required to invest in the proper tools.
Much of this comes down to banks retreating from small business lending thanks to the ill thought out Basel rules that treat home mortgages as almost risk free, which has discouraged any form of finance not backed by residential property.
In fact, many of the challenges facing traditional small businesses such as high rents, unnecessary regulation and high labour costs are as much a problem for the thirty-something renting a desk in a tech incubator as they are for 55-year-old Bob who’s been running the local locksmiths for the last 20 years.
Silly schemes like the Australian government’s depreciation scheme aren’t addressing this problem, indeed the Abbott administration’s intention is to provide a brief sugar hit to the nation’s GDP as small business owners buy new laptop computers and toolboxes. It does nothing to address the un-competitiveness of Australian business or its attractiveness to local investors.
That Rodrigues wants to create a schism between the tech startup community and the small business sector is regrettable, it only confirms in many people’s minds that technology is for geeks and not ‘ordinary people’.
In truth a nation’s business community needs a level playing field, one that doesn’t give preferential treatment to one form of activity over others – be it property speculators, tech startups or dog walking franchises.
While there are genuine differences between the startup sector and the small businesses community – in the same way there are differences between Bob’s locksmiths, Jane’s cafe or Sarah’s dog walking franchise – there is need for businesses divided in asking for equal and fair treatment from government, banks and large corporations.
Having a united voice for all entrepreneurs, however modest their ambitions, is far more important than single groups pleading for special treatment.
Paul Wallbank is the publisher of Networked Globe, his personal blog Decoding The New Economy charts how our society is changing in the connected century.
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This article originally appeared on SmartCompany.