Mozilla Firefox DRM decision prompts warning from former Kazaa CTO

5:49AM | Thursday, 15 May

Mozilla has announced it is embracing the W3C Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) digital rights management standard in Firefox, prompting a warning from the former chief technical officer of peer-to-peer sharing service Kazaa.   Phil Morle, the chief executive and cofounder of startup incubator Pollenizer, was previously the chief technical officer for peer-to-peer file sharing service Kazaa. The service was shut down following a series of lawsuits from the recording industry.   Morle told StartupSmart digital rights management has historically been a problematic technology.   “I think DRM as a feature historically fails and will continue to do so because the user experience is implicitly poor. It stops customers doing things,” Morle says.   “After a while customers can't track which media will still work and which will not. Then they give up trying or buying. DRM goes against the nature of the web which gives media a powerful channel to reach customers.   “As Tim O'Reilly [an open source advocate] says, the biggest problem for creators is not piracy; it's obscurity. Adopting DRM says that your customer is your enemy and not to be trusted. Customers understand that.”   EME is a protocol designed to prevent anyone other than people legally licensed to watch video or music files from viewing that content in their web browser.   In a statement posted on Mozilla’s official blog, cofounder Mitchell Barker says it is joining Apple, Microsoft and Google by implementing the protocol in its Firefox web browser.   “People want to watch video, including movies and TV shows. Browsers must provide the ability to watch video or the browser becomes less and less the tool users need,” Barker says.   “A number of content owners (in particular film and TV studios) require technical mechanisms to reduce the ways in which people can use that content, such as preventing people from making copies.   “This technical mechanism is generally called ‘DRM’ for ‘digital rights management.’ Browsers must implement DRM in a way that makes the content owners comfortable. Otherwise they won’t allow their content to be viewed through that browser.”   The EME standard insists on a closed-source solution, with Mozilla’s adoption of the standard meaning there will be a HTML5 standard across all major web browsers for DRM.   Barker says Mozilla is implementing the protocol in its open source Firefox browser through an optional restricted content module to be developed by Adobe.   In a separate blog post, Mozilla’s chief technology officer provides technical details on how its implementation will work.   “The W3C EME specification defines how to play back such content using the HTML5 element, utilizing a Content Decryption Module (CDM) that implements DRM functionality directly in the Web stack. The W3C EME specification only describes the JavaScript APIs to access the CDM.”

Choosing a technology is choosing a culture

5:42AM | Wednesday, 7 May

Which technology is best to use in launching a new site or web application? There was a time when I would answer this question by getting into the details of the various features and performance characteristics of a given platform, but over the years I’ve realised it’s really not a technology question; it’s a people question.   The issues are: who is going to build it, and who are you going to want to hire to continue to build it?   Anyone who has been around software engineers (or any engineers) knows that a truly great engineer is worth many mediocre engineers, so if you’re starting a technology-intensive business, it’s critical that you be able to attract high calibre people.   For instance, Adobe ColdFusion (formerly Macromedia ColdFusion, formerly Allaire ColdFusion) is an extremely productive platform for building web applications — in terms of getting something done quickly it’s great, but good luck finding great engineers who want to work with ColdFusion.   Deserved or not, ColdFusion has a reputation in the industry for not being a “real” programming environment (there’s a whole other discussion to be had about the perversely inverse relationship between the ease-of-use and productivity of a programming environment and the credibility it receives in engineering communities).   Most software developers wouldn’t want to be forced to work with ColdFusion for fear their other skills would atrophy. This is not a statement about how good ColdFusion is as a technology; it is a statement about the realities of putting together a team.   This is a nuance lost on a lot of entrepreneurs and managers who haven’t done hands-on coding before — the tools you choose define the nature of the team you will build moving forward, and in most cases it’s extremely difficult to switch gears.   To be fair, this nuance is also usually lost on engineers, who can easily burn a lot of cycles debating the merits of Ruby vs PHP vs Java vs ColdFusion vs every other thing. In the end, the tools listed here, among many others, are mature enough that they can all serve well to create web-based applications.   Some might take longer, some might not scale as readily, some might not integrate with other technologies as easily, but from the standpoint of “can it be built in a reasonable amount of time and be production-ready and reasonably scalable” the answer is yes in all cases.   The best technology to choose is the one that creates the culture you want.   Nathan Dintenfass is a product executive living in San Francisco.

What Apple’s app price hike means for local developers

4:23AM | Friday, 4 April

Apple is set to raise the prices of apps sold through the Australian app store by up to 30%, raising the average price from 99 cents to $1.29.   According to the email sent to Apple developers earlier this week, the price hike is due to foreign exchange rate fluctuations.   India, Turkey, South Africa and Indonesia will all see similar rises.   Chris Kettle, the coordinator of Mobile Mondays Brisbane, a community of several hundred app developers, told StartupSmart the price rise was an issue developers would need to factor into their business models.   “On behalf of developers, in my personal opinion, for apps and in-app purchases that are seeking a causal purchase then the price rise will have an impact,” Kettle says, adding it’s too early to know if the extra 30% revenue will offset the reduction in purchases.   “For premium App developers who offer a quality product, I don't think the price rise will stop people purchasing their product.”   Kettle adds the issue could stoke conversation about Apple’s commission on apps sold on their platform.   “People often say they feel Apple taking 30% is a lot. However’ I think the access to a global market of millions and the collecting of revenue on the developers’ behalf is still great value.”   The news comes almost a year after a parliamentary enquiry into why technology prices charged by large tech companies such as Adobe and Microsoft are significantly higher in Australia.

Trademark troubles and the day Adobe went after Envato: Start-ups are Scary series

2:17AM | Friday, 14 February

When two-year-old Envato received a firmly worded legal letter from tech juggernaut Adobe in 2009, the team thought their business was over.   “We were terrified. It was just, oh my god our company is about to be demolished. Terrible things are going to happen and our world was rocked,” co-founder and business intelligence director Vahid Ta’eed told StartupSmart.   Launched in August 2006 by four co-founders in Sydney, Envato was originally called Flash Den, after their first marketplace that connected buyers and sellers of Flash content.   Despite registering a logo including the word “flash den” when they launched, they didn’t attempt to trademark the word until 2009. This is probably what triggered Adobe, which owns the trademark for “Flash”, to send the young company a sternly worded letter.   “We got a concerning, and I would even say ugly, letter from Adobe’s lawyers. I still remember reading it, my heart was beating crazily and sweating,” Ta’eed says.   According to Ta’eed, the letter informed Flash Den of a series of legal consequences if they didn’t change their company name, website and trademark swiftly.   “They were a massive company. It felt like the Borg had come and we were about to be devoured,” he says.   (For those who may not watch Star Trek, the Borg are an alien race that forces other races into their collective by turning them into cybernetic organisms.)   Flash Den was managing four marketplaces with a team of 15 who had worked hard for two years to build their brand.   “We worked through the panic. At first you’ve just got to get past the denial and anger, but then we realised we wanted to switch away from just selling Flash anyway, so maybe a forced branding change wasn’t such a bad thing,” Ta’eed says.   They renamed that particular marketplace and their business from Flash Den to Active Den, which enabled them to include emerging technologies such as Microsoft’s Silverlight.   They negotiated with Adobe to keep the Flash Den domain for a few months so they could redirect users to their new site.   “We’d spent two years and didn’t want to just vanish,” says Ta’eed, adding the Adobe team were actually pretty good about the situation after their first exchange.   The team decided to be transparent about the issue and communicated the brand change through a concerted PR effort that included stories in TechCrunch and the Washington Post.   “We’d moved beyond just Flash, but we were still that brand, bolted onto that word. To move beyond it was challenging but as a start-up you do what you have to do,” Ta’eed says.   The plan had always been to build a portfolio of marketplaces selling online content such as website templates and stock photography. Armed with a deeper understanding of trademarks and a more nimble approach to branding, the Flash Den team went on to explore new company brand names.   They originally explored the possibility of rebranding to Eden but abandoned that plan due to the difficulty of trademarking a common word.   In 2010, they bought Envato for about $1000 out of a catalogue of brands, complete with the brand, domain and first logo.   “I remember when we picked it; I wasn’t convinced we seemed like an Envato. But now it feels like we’ve always been this,” Ta’eed says.   Armed with a new brand, they went on to launch four new marketplaces. The team never took any external funding.   “Being entirely self-funded is pretty cool. You get to make your own decisions and your own mistakes, which you learn from and live with,” Ta’eed says.   Envato now employs over 100 people in Melbourne, with another 100 scattered around the world. In seven years, they have paid out over $140 million in payments to the marketplace “authors” or content creators.

A decade of Facebook: 10 interesting things you don’t know about the social network

2:37AM | Tuesday, 4 February

Facebook is 10 years old today. It’s time for birthday celebrations for the social network with 12,800,000 Australian users and 1.19 billion users worldwide. But it’s also time to reflect on 10 interesting things you don’t know about the social network.   1. The social network makes more money now from mobiles than PCs   Facebook is worth around $US135 billion and has successfully made the shift to focusing on mobiles. In Facebook’s fourth quarter earning report filed on January 29 this year the social network disclosed that for the first time sales from ads on mobile phones and tablets exceeded revenue from traditional PCs.   In an interview marking Facebook’s 10th birthday, founder Mark Zuckerberg told Bloomberg the shift to mobile was “not as quick as it should have been”, but “one of the things that characterizes our company is that we are pretty strong-willed”.   2. Facebook tried to buy Snapchat   In 2012 Facebook bought Instagram for $US1 billion even though the photo sharing app had no revenue source. Zuckerberg described the deal as a milestone, saying "we don't plan on doing many more of these, if any at all"; but last year, Facebook reportedly offered $3 billion to buy Snapchat. On two occasions. Snapchat refused the offer.   3. Paper has just launched   Facebook’s latest creation is a newspaper-style app called Paper. Paper includes photos, friend updates, and shared articles in an image-heavy, uncluttered way. The stories are picked and ordered based largely on how much they are shared and “liked” on Facebook, with a team of human editors ensuring that the content comes from the right sources.   “Paper makes storytelling more beautiful with an immersive design and full-screen, distraction-free layouts,” Facebook states.   4. Zuckerberg and Facebook are all about goals   Zuckerberg told Bloomberg he has lots of goals for Facebook and for himself personally. Facebook’s founder has in previous years vowed to learn Mandarin (2010), to eat only animals he slaughtered himself (2011), and to meet someone new each day (2013). For 2014 he intends to write at least one well-considered thank-you note every day, via email or handwritten letter.   “It’s important for me, because I’m a really critical person,” he says. “I always kind of see how I want things to be better, and I’m generally not happy with how things are, or the level of service that we’re providing for people, or the quality of the teams that we built. But if you look at this objectively, we’re doing so well on so many of these things. I think it’s important to have gratitude for that.”   Story continues on page 2. Please click below. 5. Voting is the most talked about topic on Facebook   The 10 most talked about topics on Facebook in 2013 by Australian users were ‘vote’, Kate Middleton, cricket, Kevin Rudd, Grand Final, Election, GST, Lions, Tony Abbott and Big Brother.   6. It’s set to compete with Google   Over the next five years, Zuckerberg wants Facebook to become more intuitive and to solve problems that in some cases users don’t even know they have.   He wants to target the 5% and 10% of posts on Facebook where users pose questions to their friends, such as requests for the names for a good local dentist, or the best Indian restaurant.   Zuckerberg told Bloomberg the social network should do better at harvesting all that data to provide answers. A domain which is traditionally the preserve of search giant Google.   7. Users are a devoted bunch   Facebook users generally log in to the social network regularly and stay for long periods of time. The percentage of Facebook users that log in once a day is now 76% while the average time spent on Facebook per user per month is 8.3 hours.   8. Facebook is targeting developing countries   Facebook is targeting developing countries through the formation of a group called with six other technology companies, including Samsung, Qualcomm and Ericsson.   The group is looking at simplifying their services so they can be delivered more economically over primitive wireless networks and tapped into using cheaper phones.   Zuckerberg says more users in undeveloped countries will subscribe to mobile services for the opportunity to use Facebook, which in turn makes it more economical for mobile operators to improve their wireless networks to support higher-bandwidth services such as online education and banking.   He has described early tests as “promising”.   9. Doomsayers warn Facebook could go into rapid decline   Researchers from Princeton University published a paper earlier this year suggesting Facebook might lose 80% of its users by 2017 entering a period of “rapid decline”.   “The application of disease-like dynamics to [online social network] adoption follows intuitively, since users typically join OSNs because their friends have already joined,” says the study, which is awaiting peer review.   Facebook has hit back at the work as “incredibly speculative” and used its own data engineers to use the same methods of "scholarly scholarliness" to prove that Princeton itself was on the brink of extinction.   10. It’s king of social referred traffic   Facebook is still the king for social referred traffic, according to Adobe’s most recent social intelligence report.   But Facebook is slowly losing ground to other social media, in particular Twitter and Pinterest.

Liquid State got some of the best minds in Australian business to advise it for free: here’s how and why

12:32AM | Wednesday, 4 December

What do you do when you’re a fledgling Brisbane tech start-up, touting a product with the potential to wrong-foot all the big players in your industry?   If you build slowly and steadily – growing your business and refining your product as your customer base grows – you could lose the early lead you had.   Organic growth won’t do. You need to move quickly. You need to burst onto the scene. The sooner, the better.   That was the challenge facing Liquid State, a digital publishing company launched in Brisbane in late 2010. It makes software that allows businesses to easily and quickly publish documents in a format that’s built for iPad.   The leader in the business publishing space is Adobe. But when publishing a document for iPad using its tools, the end result can be clunky. The dimensions are wrong.   That’s where Liquid State came in.   Philip Andrews, Liquid State co-founder and CEO, says he and his co-founder Cyril Doussin knew there was a worldwide gap in the market for a product that allowed businesses to leave PDFs behind.   “The businesses we had built before had always started small, built organically, gone regional then national,” Andrews tells SmartCompany. “We’d bankrolled that process, which is fairly typical in the publishing business.   “But with Liquid State, because of the potential for the technology and the size of the market, as well as the size of the competition, we wanted to have an international profile very quickly.”   How can a business go from zero to being competitive with Adobe? By bringing on the best advice.   Shortly after formation, Liquid State formed an advisory board, and invited experienced business advisers to join it. They came on a pro-bono basis, with the understanding that they would have a stake in Liquid State’s success.   Dylan Byrne, an accountant and consultant at BDO, was one of the first to join.   He’s not getting paid for his help. But he tells SmartCompany he didn’t hesitate for a second.   “There’s a huge amount of personal satisfaction as an advisor in helping guys like that achieve their goals,” he says.   “I enjoy doing the financial thing, but the relationship side of things is the most satisfying part of my job.”   Joining Bryne on Liquid State’s advisory board are several businesspeople with specific expertise, including a lawyer, a leading corporate director, and a marketing guru.   They’re a calibre of person Andrews says Liquid State couldn’t afford to hire right now. But having them around has made the way ahead much easier.   Liquid State recently scored a $785,000 Commercialisation Australia grant to develop their product. Andrews says they couldn’t have done it without their advisory board.   “Companies like ours are often nimble and lightweight – and that’s what they try to be. When you’re dealing with larger businesses and agencies that can cause friction. You need really good advisers to get past that.”   To get the grant, Liquid State needed complex accounting structures in place. Most start-ups would say that kind of structure is far beyond their capabilities. But Liquid State didn’t.   Story continues on page 2. Please click below. “Dylan [Bryne] advised us to set up our accounts that way from the start. That meant the tracking that’s necessary for the grant isn’t a big deal for us – we already had those procedures in place. We could easily meet the reporting and auditing requirements.”   Bryne adds another way the advisory board changed Liquid State.   International start-ups often try to keep their intellectual property, revenues and costs in different companies, in a bid to protect the important things should their business hit some hurdles.   But that has costs.   “We suggested a simple structure, because it’s a better exit strategy,” he says. “It’s easier to unwind. If you’re a company coming in and wanting to invest, you’re right to ask what exactly you’re buying. It creates a whole lot of work. And we can manage the risks another way, while keeping the structure quite simple.   “One of the other advisers, a lawyer who’s done a heap of venture capital and private equity work, was very clear on this. He said if you make your structure too complicated, there are problems down the track. It was great to have that expertise.”   Ultimately, Andrews says, Liquid State was lucky in that both he and his co-founder were older, and have been involved in business for a long time. Andrews himself owns a Queensland-based publishing company, which he’s taken a step back from to focus on Liquid State.   “When you’re bootstrapping a company, you have very little money for anybody,” he says. “These guys are helping us structure our business in anticipation of success. But it’s risky being involved in start-ups, and that can be a deterrent for people who hold such expertise.   “We’re lucky that we’ve been in business for 20 years. Whenever we’re speaking with other businesspeople, we tend to speak the same language, and that’s not always the case with companies like ours, who can be led by young or inexperienced people. They can have a great idea, but not much business acumen.”   Liquid State’s founder leveraged their existing relationships. All their advisers were acquaintances before they joined the board.   That was the case with Bryne, who was introduced to Andrews through a work colleague.   “We had a lot of rapport, and without trying, we became friends.   “Then one day he rang me up and said he had an important question to ask me. When he explained the advisory board, I said yes in an instant. He already had my trust.”   Sometimes, the advisory board’s counsel can rub against the grain. But Andrews says it’s worth it.   “All the key players in the advisory board are super-experienced with much bigger companies and with far more international outlooks than we have inside our company. Even though sometimes it’s an uneasy fit – we’re an ultra-small company with big, international ideas – it was absolutely necessarily for what we’re building.”   This story first appeared on SmartCompany.

The Nitro story: How to grow a software company from five guys to over $25 million in annual revenue

10:51AM | Friday, 4 October

Taking on the “gorilla in the room” competitor doesn’t always end well, but it seemed like a great idea to the founding team of now international software company Nitro when they squared up to Adobe in 2005.   Since then they’ve grown into an international software company of over 120. Cofounder and chief executive Sam Chandler told StartupSmart they’ll bring in more than $25 million in revenue this year.   PDF software may not seem sexy, but it was a major pain point for the five co-founders of Nitro when they first started kicking around start-up ideas.   “We had come to understand that Adobe was generating over $600 million at the time in Acrobat revenue on the desktop alone and was growing rapidly. We could see it was going to be a billion-dollar software category,” says Chandler.   “We thought it was an industry space that was really ripe for innovation and disruption, and thought that going after the gorilla in the room was a pretty attractive strategy as we thought there wasn’t a lot of love for Adobe out there.”   They launched their first PDF software product in 2005 and made their first sale 45 minutes after launching the website. They’ve gone on to release a series of productivity-boosting document management tools since then.   They had built their user base up to just under 100,000, generating $1.6 million in annual revenue in 2007.   The growth was mostly due to PR campaigns that focused on being the first real Adobe alternative, but growth was beginning to plateau when Chandler decided he was ready to catalyse the business.   He pitched a then-emerging strategy that would become ubiquitous for software companies in the coming years.   “I proposed a strategy at that time which I struggled to get board support for initially. Essentially it was the concept of ‘freemium’ (free capped service with premium, paid options), but this was before it was a word, or even a concept,” Chandler says.   The plan was Nitro would launch a new series of fully functional products with capped use.   “So our user acquisition would skyrocket, and we assumed that a certain percentage of those users would need to do more, and when they did they would pay for the premium version.”   They did. In 2008 the company made over $4 million.   “Freemium has driven most of our growth, although at the time there was a sense that maybe this was just a massive roll of the dice,” Chandler says. “It was basically an SEO strategy. We called it the ‘all roads lead to Nitro’ strategy. Anyone who was searching for anything PDF or document related would find us.”   While the idea of giving away software for free was new at the time, Chandler says when he weighed up the potential to reach millions of users against the cost of the media and marketing spend he would need to reach that many via more traditional routes, he says it was a no-brainer.   “People really struggled back then to get their heads around giving away software for free,” Chandler says. “The platform has now got over 8 million users per month. Only a tiny, single digit percentage of those pay, but our user acquisition cost is very low. This means our job is to convert the users into customers when they’re ready to do more.”   Nitro’s strategy for converting users to customers uses automated, targeted email software, which is the second major factor Chandler attributes their growth to.   “The best way to look at the marketing function in a modern software business is to view it like a big funnel with prospects at the top. You then invest in a range of strategies to bring users through the funnel to ultimately become customers,” Chandler says. “We were then, and still are today, quite ground breaking in our uptake of marketing automation. We do a lot of very targeted and relevant email around particular user flows, and that can be customised quite dramatically.”   On top of the targeted email marketing, Nitro uses strategies such as interactive product experiences and feature discovery campaigns via free tutorials for non-premium users.   Despite the consistent growth, Nitro has experienced some “catastrophically bad” product releases and cashflow issues that put their business at risk. In the video below, Chandler talks about the time they came closest to losing it all, and how they navigated their way back to growth.     In 2008, Chandler went across to the United States to launch their office there in January 2009.   “I went across on recon, and felt like I was starting again because I was again one guy in a room,” Chandler says, adding he’s from Tasmania and always wanted to play in a big pond. “We looked across to Silicon Valley, saw the talent pool, and realised if we were going to hire dozens of great people, that was where we had to be.”   The San Francisco team has now grown to 95 people, and Nitro will be launching an office in Dublin this month to drive growth in Europe.   Their hiring and growth plans were brought forward after they received their first venture capital ($3.5 million) funding in May last year from Starfish Ventures, and another $3 million in the May this year.   Chandler says the next 12 months will be focused on the launch of a new product and international expansion. They’re hoping to get to 100 million users within three to five years.   “We’re trying to build what we call an IPO-able company. My vision of a great company is one that makes 100 million or more in revenue and has 30 to 50% operating margins,” Chandler says, adding while they’re not planning on floating the business on the NASDAQ anytime soon, it’s the most likely exit strategy in the next five years.   Chandler adds even though it’d be hard to “give up the baby”, he’s undecided about his own journey with Nitro if it became a public company.   “I would have to ask myself, do I want to be a public company CEO? I’ve always been focused on building, and managing is just part of the business getting bigger,” Chandler says. “But when you come very close to losing it all, and we’ve had a few cashflow crises in our earlier years, you’re suddenly more appreciative of what you’ve got.”

Australian HR start-up named as one of the coolest vendors of 2013

6:12PM | Tuesday, 25 June

A Melbourne-based start-up has been named one of the coolest vendors in human capital management by international technology research group Gartner.   CultureAmp’s key product is Murmur, an online platform for managing staff and tasks in fast-growing organisations.   The software-as-a-service is used to gather and provide ongoing feedback, track progress and use data to help companies understand their workforce.   Founder and chief executive Didier Elzinga told StartupSmart CultureAmp’s success is due to a shift in how people work.   “The key to unlocking productivity and getting value out of people is culture and creating an environment in which people can and want to operate,” he says.   “If you look at the work we’re asking people to do these days, it’s cognitively driven. So there is a really, really big difference when someone who is engaged and enthusiastic.”   With team members in Melbourne and San Francisco and a client list boasting big names such as Hulu and 99designs, Elzinga attributes their growth to having an idea right at the heart of several trends.   “We’re on the right wave. A lot of our customers are in Silicon Valley, and what they’ve all got across the board is they’re using data everywhere. And they’re building companies at a ridiculous pace, and the hardest thing to build in a business is people,” Elzinga says.   The idea for Murmur emerged during discussions about the lack of innovation in the human resources and people management sector.   “In the world of marketing in the last five to ten years, there has been a torrent of new innovations and people doing cool stuff with data. But if you look at HR, there’s been nothing new and different since 1993,” Elzinga says. “It was about taking marketing analytics to how we listen to our people.”   The CultureAmp team is focused on developing its core engineering staff in Melbourne, and then developing a presence in Silicon Valley over the coming years.   Elzinga says being an Australian start-up can be challenging, but it also helps create the attitudes needed to scale globally.   “It’s hard but also good that we don’t have a big enough market here, so we’re forced from day one to think global,” he says. “It’s there if you want it – go and get it.”

Tech industry not satisfied with answers given by Apple at IT price inquiry

3:14AM | Monday, 25 March

The tech industry has been left disappointed after major companies including Apple and Microsoft at last week’s parliamentary inquiry into pricing in the IT sector didn’t deliver any sufficient explanations as to why local consumers pay so much.   The organisation which helped push for the inquiry in the first place, Choice, said the companies involved didn’t necessarily offer appropriate explanations and, in some cases, gave “bizarre” alternatives.   “Adobe gave some bizarre comments around the personalised nature of its website, and how that somehow justified charging people $1,200 more for its Creative Suite,” spokesperson Matt Levey told SmartCompany.   Choice spokesperson Levey said while the pressure placed on these companies by having to appear at the inquiry is in itself a positive outcome, Choice wants to see a recommendation on geoblocking – a tool used by companies to prevent local users from accessing prices used in other countries.   “We’re think there’s a strong case for that to be looked at, and we’d like to see some strong recommendations there,” he said.   Three major companies appeared before the inquiry – Microsoft, Adobe and in a rare appearance, Apple.   Firstly, Apple local managing director Tony King, who is rarely seen in public, shifted much of the blame from the company onto the local rights holders. As a result, he said, local users pay more for iTunes content than in other countries.   “Apple must pay the rights holders to distribute content in each of the territories in which the iTunes store exist,” he said.   “The retail pricing of digital content is based on many factors and foreign exchange is not a major factor. The main differentiator is the wholesale price.”   Apple has faced scrutiny in the past due to the price disconnect between countries. Users in Australia often pay much higher prices for music than customers in the United States.   Levey said while this argument did carry some weight, he likened Apple’s market power to the same kind used by Woolworths and Coles to reduce the price of milk.   Microsoft took a much more defensive stance, with local head Pip Marlow saying the current prices were set and if customers were unhappy, they could shop elsewhere.   “If they don’t like it, they vote with their wallets,” she said, adding there wasn’t a “silver bullet” for addressing pricing issues.   Finally, Adobe game some aggressive answers in which it suggested customers could even fly to the United States and purchase products if the end result was cheaper.   Local managing director Paul Robson told the inquiry the company’s policy of geoblocking, in which customers are directed to the local store and cannot access lower prices in other countries, is completely valid.   “The personalisation is relevant to the experience you get when online. One of our key interactions is to allow [buyers] to talk among themselves and ask them to contribute to the future of our product,” he said.   Levey says the inquiry provided “three different approaches but no real explanation”.   This story first appeared on SmartCompany.

Tech giants Apple, Microsoft, Adobe to appear before IT price inquiry

3:53AM | Friday, 15 March

After months of deliberations and refusals to appear before the Federal Parliament's probe into IT pricing, tech giants Apple, Adobe and Microsoft have been summoned to appear before the inquiry and its board.

Sensis brings out the big guns for third hackathon

3:41AM | Monday, 11 March

Sensis is to roll out a fresh ‘hackathon’ in Melbourne this weekend, including an impressive list of mentors such as Lonely Planet’s Gus Balbontin and Scott Rogers from Seek.

GovHack offers up $30,000 in return for data delivery innovation

5:54AM | Monday, 7 May

Programmers and designers are being invited to participate in GovHack 2012, charged with the task of delivering government data to the Australian public for the chance to share in $30,000.

Seeking out the next big start-up opportunity

4:37PM | Wednesday, 25 April

If you spent 10 years of your life starting and building a market-leading business, few would begrudge you leaving, especially if you received a reported $40 million pay-out for your shares.

Ita Buttrose scooped by tablet publishing start-up Reddo

3:21AM | Monday, 12 March

Tablet publishing start-up Reddo Media Services has secured magazine industry pioneer Ita Buttrose as its chairman, with the Cleo founding editor also investing in the business.

Navy Design

10:22AM | Wednesday, 26 October

A group of four budding entrepreneurs have just launched Navy Design, a digital consultancy with a difference.

A well-stocked start-up

9:50AM | Monday, 26 September

Most retailers that sell both online and offline maintain separate stock control systems, and often have to update their online stock levels manually.

Microsoft unveils Windows 8 software

9:03AM | Wednesday, 14 September

Software giant Microsoft has revealed its Windows 8 software to developers in a new preview build, as the company attempts to battle against both Google and Apple in both the desktop computer and smartphone categories.

Internet Explorer users warned over hijack threat

2:12AM | Wednesday, 2 February

Internet Explorer users are at risk of a vulnerability that could allow hackers to hijack computers, according to software giant Microsoft.

Tablets and apps dominate 2011 CES

1:25PM | Sunday, 16 January

Start-ups have been urged to take note of the hottest trends at the 2011 Consumer Electronics Show, which showcases the latest innovations in gadgets and technology.

Give part of your product away

12:48AM | Friday, 3 December

Start-up entrepreneurs are always looking for ways to get a sales spike, and a resultant boost in profit. It’s never easy, but one way might be to give your product away – or at least some of it.